This step enables specific amplification of barcodes from genomic DNA using two rounds of PCR with vector-specific primers flanking the barcode.

1. First Round PCR Step

Prepare the First PCR Master Mix according to the example below. Adjust the amount of Master Mix depending on number of samples, including enough to run the included Positive Control Template DNA (1 µg per test tube) and one negative control (1 µg of genomic DNA sample without barcoded insert).

Volume Component
5 µl 200 ng/µl Genomic DNA (1 µg)
5 µl First PCR Primer Mix
2 µl 50X dNTP Mix (10 mM each)
5 µl 10X Taq Polymerase Buffer
32 µl PCR-Grade Water
1 µl 50X Taq Polymerase
50 µl Total volume

Perform PCR under the following cycling conditions.

94°C, 1 minute 1 cycle
94°C, 15 seconds,
60°C, 15 seconds,
72°C, 30 seconds
20 cycles
72°C, 2 minutes 1 cycle

 

2. Second Round PCR Step

Use a 5 µl aliquot from First PCR Step above in the second round of PCR with nested primers:

Volume Component
5 µl First Round PCR Product
5 µl Second PCR Primer Mix
2 µl 50X dNTP Mix (10 mM each)
5 µl 10X Taq Polymerase Buffer
35 µl PCR-Grade Water
1 µl 50X Taq Polymerase
50 µl Total volume

Perform PCR under the following cycling conditions.

94°C, 1 minute 1 cycle
94°C, 15 seconds,
65°C, 15 seconds,
72°C, 30 seconds
16 cycles
72°C, 2 minutes 1 cycle

 

3. PCR Product Analysis

Analyze the PCR products by gel electrophoresis on a 3.5% agarose-1xTAE gel (load 5 µl/lane), an Agilent Bioanalyzer, or an AATI Fragment Analyzer. The gel electrophoresis analysis should reveal a bright band of amplified barcode products (251 bp product for BCRPP5/10-V kits or a set of up to four PCR products with sizes of 121, 141, 161, and 181 bp for the BC4P-V kit) (see Figure below for example results) with intensities similar to the Positive Control Template DNA sample. Run additional cycles if the experimental sample shows very weak (2-3 cycles) or no visible band (5 cycles). Repeat analysis of amplified products on a 3.5% agarose-1xTAE gel in order to ensure similar yields of amplified barcode products for all samples.

For cells barcoded with the Barcode-Plus constructs (Cat.# BC4P-V), the relative intensities of four differently-sized bands (each band specific for one of the unique barcodes) provide an estimate of the number of cells with each barcode in the population (see Figure below). The four PCR products present in the size range of 121-181 bp can be quantified by subtracting the background density of the negative control sample from the density of the bands on the gel using software available on most imaging stations, such as the Bioanalyzer or Fragment Analyzer. The Positive Control sample with a mix of four barcoded genomic DNA samples mixed in equal amounts can be used as a normalization control. If any barcodes exhibit too low an intensity to measure, place the samples back into the thermal cycler and perform an additional 2-4 cycles. However, avoid overcycling which can result in the generation of a longer fragment that corresponds to a fusion double barcode product.

Cellecta's 4-Barcode Plus Panel amplification results
Fragment Analyzer gel image of amplified barcodes in the 4 Barcode-Plus constructs kit (Cat.# BCP4-V). Lane 1 shows all four constructs amplified together, and each of the following lanes shows a specific single barcode amplification.
Last modified: 10 July 2018

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